Meaning of Endocytosis

What is Endocytosis:

Endocytosis is called the process by which cells incorporate into them molecules, large or small, that are covered by a membrane vesicle.

The purpose of endocytosis is to regulate the interaction of cells, as well as the composition of lipids and proteins of the plasma membrane. These studies are essential for specialized investigations in physiology.

The endocytosis process is also necessary to give immune responses, for the development of intercellular communication and for the exchange of cellular signals to take place.

Types of endocytosis

Phagocytosis: it is a mechanism that consists of introducing solid particles into cells that are covered by a membrane. It is an important process for generating immune responses.

Pinocytosis: it is a process in which cells trap substances in the form of solutions (liquid), without making any kind of selection, which also envelop in a vesicle.

Receptor-mediated endocytosis: it is a mechanism by which a set of selected molecules are incorporated into cells.

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis: It is generated in all mammalian cells. Its functions are: to absorb nutrients in order to incorporate nutrients and lipids into the plasma membrane, as well as macromolecules, and intracellular communication.

Caveolin-mediated endocytosis: these are small invaginations that occur in the plasma membrane and their process is controlled by GTAase signaling complexes. It is characterized by having abundant cholesterol.

Endocytosis and exocytosis

Endocytosis and exocytosis are two different processes. As already explained, endocytosis is the process that allows various molecules to be incorporated into cells through membrane vesicles.

Rather, exocytosis is the movement of materials within membrane vesicles outward.

That is, the content of the membrane vesicles is released, this action is of utmost importance since it fulfills various functions.

Among them, the release of neuron transmitters, regulates the mental state, secretion of insulin and generates immune responses.

Tags:  Expressions-Popular Expressions-In-English Technology-E-Innovation