Nuclear energy meaning
What is the nuclear energy:
Nuclear energy is that energy that is extracted from the nucleus of an atom, being that energy is the force that holds the nucleus together and the atom a small unit of which all the matter in the world is composed.
Nuclear energy is an alternative for the generation of energy such as electricity.
Atomic energy, or nuclear energy, is a renewable energy that is obtained spontaneously or artificially in nuclear reactions.
The term atomic energy has been associated with the atomic explosions of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, generalizing the concept of nuclear energy.
Following the atomic bombs, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was created in 1957 to deal with the problems arising from this discovery.
In addition, there is the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) since 1968 to prevent atomic energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that it is used for peaceful purposes and in the safest way possible. All the countries of America, except the United States, are committed to this treaty.
Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy
Advantages of current nuclear energy
- Decrease in the use of energy generated by fossil fuels (coal and oil).
- Reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other gases produced by fossil fuels.
- Nuclear fuel is cheaper as it requires less fuel for more energy.
- A nuclear plant generates electricity continuously avoiding price volatility.
Disadvantages of current nuclear energy
- The decrease in the use of fossil fuels is not considerable.
- Nuclear plants create a great impact on the human aspect due to accidents that can occur such as the cases of Chérnobil and Fukushima.
- The difficulty in handling nuclear waste, since it takes years to eliminate radioactivity and its risks.
- Nuclear plants have a validity period and the construction of a new plant is expensive and time consuming.