Meaning of Scholastica

What is Scholastica:

Scholasticism is the result of the union of philosophical thought and theological thought to understand and explain the supernatural revelations of Christianity.

The word scholastic derives from medieval Latin scholasticus, which means "school" and this from Greek scholastikós. As a synonym the word scholasticism can be used.

Scholasticism developed during the Middle Ages in Western Europe between the 11th and 15th centuries.

The knowledge of scholasticism was applied in the schools and universities of that time, relying on both the philosophical and natural theories of Aristotle and other philosophers as well as the religious knowledge of Christianity, Judaism and other religions.

Therefore, scholasticism is a philosophical current that sought to relate and integrate reason with faith in the best possible way, but always placing faith above reason.

That is to say, the scholastics sought to answer in an understandable way all those doubts that were generated between reason and faith, especially because for the scholastics the human being is the image of God, for that reason it relied on dialectics, logic, ethics, theology, cosmology, metaphysics, and psychology.

That is, a large volume of knowledge that people have derives from the experience and use of reason, however, there is another percentage that is adopted from the revelations of faith and that cannot be explained from reality.

In this sense, philosophical knowledge is placed at the command of theology, it is subordinated, to allow the interpretation and understanding of faith.

See also Philosophy.

Scholastic characteristics

Below are the main characteristics of the scholastic current.

  • Its main purpose was to integrate the knowledge that was kept separate from both reason, by the Greek philosophers, and Christian revelations.
  • The scholastics believed in the harmony between the foundations of reason and faith.
  • Philosophy helps theology to explain the mysteries and revelations of faith so that reason can understand them.
  • In the Middle Ages he used a didactic method to explain and teach scholasticism.
  • Each topic was treated with the utmost care and dedication through reading and public discussion.
  • Scholasticism was a tool for Christianity to understand faith.
  • Santo Tomás de Aquino was its highest representative in the 13th century.

See also:

  • Theology.
  • Theodicy.

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