Meaning of Stomatology

What is Stomatology:

Stomatology is a branch of medicine that practices the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the mouth and its structures.

Stomatology derives from the Greek stoma which means mouth or oral cavity.

Stomatology studies the anatomy and physiology of:

  • the stomatognathic apparatus: a set of organs and tissues of the oral area such as the teeth, the periodontium, the temporomandibular joints and its neuromuscular system,
  • the structures of the oral cavity: tongue, palate, oral mucosa and salivary glands, and
  • other oral anatomical structures: lips, tonsils and oropharynx.

Stomatology is a specialization of medicine that involves the following specializations:

  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • Endodontics
  • Oral pathology and medicine
  • Periodontia
  • Oral and maxillofacial radiography
  • Oral rehabilitation

Today, stomatology and orthodontics are studied together in universities, despite the fact that there are more complicated medical procedures that can only be treated with knowledge of medicine exclusive to stomatology.

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