Meaning of Stratagem
What is Stratagem:
A clever and cunning action is known as a stratagem, which operates through deception or surprise, and through which something is sought to achieve or avoid, usually in war.
The word, as such, comes from Latin strategēma, and this in turn from the Greek στρατήγημα (stratḗgēma), derived from στρατηγός (stratēgós), which translates ‘general of an army’, ‘strategist’.
In this sense, a stratagem can be a military operation or maneuver that manages to deceive or confuse the enemy into an unfavorable or disadvantageous situation.
There are no established rules for stratagems, they vary depending on the moment, the events and the opportunities that arise, as well as the ingenuity of the person who conceives them.
Outside the military sphere, on the other hand, a stratagem refers to the deceptions or cunning with which a person achieves something. For example: "The candidate acceded to the presidency through that vile ploy."
Synonyms of stratagem would be: trick, deception, ruse, cunning, ruse.
In English, stratagem translates stratagem. For instance: "One way of looking at speech is to say it is a constant stratagem to cover nakedness”(Harold Pinter)”.
Stratagem in the Bible
The Bible, for its part, mentions the word stratagem several times in some of its passages to refer to the deceptions devised by unfaithful men or by Satan to confuse the hearts of men and their faith in God: “So that we are no longer Fluctuating children, carried everywhere by every wind of doctrine, by the stratagem of men who cleverly use the tricks of error to deceive, but instead following the truth in love, let us grow in everything in the one who is the head, that is, Christ " (Ephesians, 4: 14-16).
Trojan Horse Stratagem
The most famous ploy in the history of literature is that of the Trojan horse. During the siege of the walled city of Troy, the Greeks gave, as a gift, a huge wooden horse that was interpreted by the Trojans as a sign of their victory. Within him, however, were hidden some of the best Greek warriors. During the night, they got out of the horse and opened the gates of the fortified city, whereupon Troy was defeated. The one who conceived the plan was the cunning Odysseus, also known as Ulysses. This episode is narrated in the Odyssey and in other works of classical antiquity, such as the Aeneid.