Meaning of Eunuch
What is Eunuch:
A eunuch is a male who has been castrated. The word, as such, comes from Latin eunūchus, and this in turn from the Greek εὐνοῦχος (eunoûchos).
A man can be turned into a eunuch by emasculation, that is, the removal of his genital organs in whole or in part. It is considered total when both the penis and the testicles are cut, and partial when one of these organs is mutilated.
In this sense, an individual could be a eunuch for two main reasons: for suffering a congenital problem or for being subjected to castration, voluntarily or involuntarily. In fact, there were eunuchs who lost their private parts due to violent acts, as a consequence of a war.
Formerly, in ancient and eastern history, eunuchs held high positions, very close to the king or emperor, as ministers or officials. News of eunuchs we have from Babylon, China, Persia, Byzantium, Arabia or the Ottoman Empire.
In the East, for example, eunuchs were used for the custody of women in the harems.
In Europe, on the other hand, in times when women were prohibited from singing, eunuchs were castrated to keep their high voices and sing in choirs.
In India, on the other hand, eunuchs still exist and are known as hijras, members of a third sex who castrate and dress as women as part of an ancient tradition.
In the Bible there are many references to eunuchs as servants or guardians of the queen, the harem or other women in the royal courts.
Jesus in the New Testament, considered that there were three types of eunuchs: those who were born that way, those who were made eunuchs by men, and those who became eunuchs by themselves.
But there is also, in the Catholic tradition, another type of eunuch: the spiritual eunuch, who is one who practices celibacy to dedicate himself fully to the service of the Lord.