Meaning of Evolutionism
What is Evolutionism:
Evolutionism is a theory that states that life as we know it today comes from a series of gradual changes in nature.
According to this current of thought, species undergo modifications that allow them to survive in nature, which is why it is usually associated as a synonym for Darwinism, which raises something similar. However, Charles Darwin drew on evolutionism to create his famous theory of the origin of species.
Origin and development of evolutionism
Anaximander, a prominent Greek philosopher who lived between 610 and 545 BC, raised what is today considered one of the earliest antecedents of evolutionism. According to his hypothesis, the origin of life was in the water, where the first species were generated and from which man descended.
From the second half of the 19th century, evolutionism began to be considered as a scientific theory, thanks to the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamark (1744-1829), who affirmed that changes in environmental conditions generated modifications in living organisms that allowed them to adapt and survive.
Evolutionism in Darwin
Finally, Charles Darwin (1809-1882) raised his evolutionary theory based on "natural selection": only organisms with the greatest capacity to adapt to the environment survive. This statement was reflected in his book The origin of species, which would become the essential scientific source for the development of evolutionary biology.
See also Darwinism
Social evolutionism is understood as the theory that seeks to explain the changes in society through history and how these changes have generated development.
According to this theory, societies begin at a very primitive phase in terms of hierarchy and organization, and then become more complex and civilized over time.
Although it is a term created by the social sciences, it draws mainly from biological evolutionism.