Meaning of Exegesis
What is Exegesis:
Exegesis or exegesis is an explanation or interpretation of a text, especially the Bible.
This word comes from the Greek ἐξήγησις, exegesis which means "explanation" or "story", derived from the word ἐξηγεομαι, exegeomai that indicates "explain", "expose" and "interpret".
Some words that could be used synonymously are: explanation, comment, and interpretation.
Biblical exegesis and hermeneutics
Hermeneutics and exegesis are synonyms that are used interchangeably in many cases.
However, sometimes the word hermeneutics is given a more spiritual nuance in relation to the meanings, while the term exegesis may have a more literal-centered component, with the intention of reconstructing the original meaning.
Exegesis in the analysis of biblical texts is also usually considered to be the serious and formal application of the principles and rules to arrive at an interpretation of the Holy Scriptures.
These principles and rules are also identified as hermeneutics. Exegesis, therefore, establishes a series of norms and principles to be used in the interpretation of this type of text.
The person who develops this task is called an exegete, and he is in charge of explaining the meaning of a text without including his personal interpretations or what the text means to him.
On the contrary, the exegete establishes the meaning that the author wanted to give to the text in question. Other terms such as hermeneutic and scripturalist are also used.
See also the meaning of Hermeneutics.
In a legal context, exegesis seeks to interpret the meaning of legislative texts in a rigorous and objective way. This type of interpretation in legal texts is known as exegetical method, which is influenced by the so-called Napoleonic Code.
It is based on the literal analysis of a text, taking into account the grammar used and the direct meaning, assuming that the words are used with a specific meaning.