Meaning of Exile
What is Exile:
Exile is called the separation of a person from the land in which he lives. The word, as such, comes from Latin exilĭum, and means 'banished'.
Exile can be voluntary, when it is the person himself who unilaterally determines to leave his homeland; or forced, when external factors exert pressure or force the person to leave the country where they live. A forced exile, moreover, is characterized because, for the exile, returning to the homeland represents a risk, since prison sentences may be imposed on him, or even his physical integrity and his life could be threatened.
The effect of being an exile is also designated as exile: "Cortázar was forced to live many years in exile by the government of his country."
Exile can also refer to the place where the exile is: "After being overthrown from the presidency, Rómulo Gallegos was sent into exile."
Exile can also be called the set of people who are exiled. The Cuban exile in Miami, for example, is made up of a large group of people estranged from their homeland for mainly political reasons.
Exile can also be the product of the individual decision of a person who, for various reasons, considers it necessary to leave their land. In these cases, it is also called self-exile. In this sense, it may be due to a subtle form of protest against the political injustices that are experienced in your country, or to avoid obligations to justice or to make a clean slate in your life after experiencing painful or embarrassing in the past.
Exile in the Bible
The Bible narrates the exile of the Hebrew people in Babylon between 586 and 537 BC. of C. as a consequence of the taking of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar II and the deportation of a considerable part of Jews. In a biblical sense, exile is the punishment suffered by the Hebrew people for not listening to God through different prophets and for indulging in idolatry and sin that distanced them spiritually from the Lord. As such, exile is also a form of spiritual purification. The exile rises in 537 a. of C., when the Persian king Ciro allows the return of the town to the kingdom of Judá.
An exile can have a political character when the expatriation is carried out as a punishment for those who have expressed themselves negatively about the current political regime, have publicly shown to disagree with its decisions, or openly doubt their institutional legitimacy. For example, during the war of independence, Simón Bolívar was forced into exile on multiple occasions as a result of his actions to achieve the emancipation of the peoples of America from the Spanish monarchy.
See also Expat.
Exile and diaspora
Exile, when it comes to massive migrations caused by economic, political, social or religious reasons, is also often called diaspora. A referential diaspora of the 20th century was motivated by the Spanish civil war, which drove a considerable number of Republican supporters into exile, with Mexico being one of its main destinations.