Meaning of Pharmacology
What is Pharmacology:
Pharmacology is the science that studies pharmacological products or chemical substances, including biological effects, their composition, their sources and their chemical properties.
The word pharmacology comes from the Greek pharmacon which refers to drugs and a variant of the suffix -logo which means science.
Pharmacology is within the field of biomedicine since it studies the biological effects and the effectiveness that drugs have on people in the treatment of a specific medical problem.
Pharmacology also encompasses other areas such as pharmacy, nursing, dentistry, and veterinary medicine.
Pharmacology is also responsible for testing drugs to measure the level of toxicity or potential in their therapeutic value.
See also What is a drug?
The first institute of pharmacology was founded in 1847 by Rudolf Buchheim at the University of Dorpat in Estonia. Rudolf Buchheim was a professor of medical medicine but wanted to introduce the study of the physiological action of drugs that he taught by a different experimental science: pharmacology.
Within pharmacology there are other specialties such as:
- Pharmacodynamics: studies how drugs affect an organism.
- Pharmacokinetics: studies how the body reacts to drugs.
- Therapeutic pharmacology: studies the chemical products in relation to the immunological, biological, microbiological, biological and behavioral state that influence the disease.
- Neuropharmacology: studies the chemicals that affect the central nervous system.
- Molecular pharmacology: studies the biochemical and biophysical characteristics between the relationship between the drug and the organism.