Meaning of Physiology

What is Physiology:

Physiology is the science that studies the functions of living things, anatomy. The term physiology comes from the Greek φυσις, physis, which means nature, and λογος, logos, which means knowledge, study.

Depending on the type of living organism, we can distinguish three large groups: plant physiology, is dedicated to the study of the functioning of plant organs and tissues of plants, phytophysiology is part of this group of physiology and develops specific plant taxa ; animal physiology; and human physiology, which is part of animal physiology.

Animal physiology

In animal physiology, there are different types of physiology attending to the various types of cells, organs and systems, such as cell physiology, organ physiology, tissue physiology, muscle physiology, neurophysiology, kidney physiology. , respiratory physiology, vascular physiology, etc.

Human physiology

The study of human physiology dates back to at least 420 BC, in the time of Hippocrates, the father of medicine. Then there were many scientists who investigated the different physiology, up to evolutionary physiology in the 20th century. Thus, homeostasis is an important aspect also with regard to interactions within an organism. It refers to the concept of internal environment and is a property of living organisms that consists of their ability to maintain a stable internal condition.

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