Meaning of Francophonie
What is Francophonie:
The term Francophonie refers to the set of countries where French is spoken, as well as to the communities of people who speak that language and promote its values around the world.
French is a Romance language that derives from Latin and other languages such as Celtic and Germanic. French is a language spoken by more than 200 million people on the five continents, which is why it is widely used and has become important internationally.
The Francophonie is increasingly notorious and encompasses greater spaces thanks to globalization. Furthermore, the French language is one of the languages used by important international organizations such as the United Nations and the International Olympic Committee.
The word Francophonie was used for the first time by the French geographer Onésime Reclus in 1880. Reclus was part of the French colonial army and had the opportunity to get to know different regions of Africa during the colonization process and to participate in different confrontations such as that of Prussia in 1870.
After his experience and knowledge, Reclus wanted to encompass in a single term the importance of promoting the French language and French culture in various territories on all continents. However, the term "Francophonie" remained isolated and undeveloped for several years.
Years later, in 1962, the magazine Esprit published an article by Senegalese Leopold Sedar Senghor, about the significance and importance of the Francophonie. This article aroused the interest of many specialists in developing the term and assigning it the value it represented.
Then, after the decolonization processes of the territories conquered by the French, a broad study was started that took into account the number of French-speaking countries and people, as well as the underlying cultural values in this language.
French, as an official or secondary language, is spoken by a significant number of people around the world, especially in Europe, Africa and America.
For this reason, in 1970 the International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF) was formed, with headquarters in Paris, and made up of 49 countries, mostly French-speaking.
To refer to the OIF we speak of Francophonie, with the letter “f” in capital letters, precisely to refer to said institution. However, the Francophonie has various functions, among which are the dissemination of the French language, as well as the culture of all those Francophone countries.
The International Organization of the Francophonie decreed March 20 as the International Day of the Francophonie. That day is celebrated in the various countries where French is spoken or there are French language institutes, the importance and diversity of the French language.