Meaning of Frontera

What is Frontera:

Border is a word that refers to the territorial limit of an area, a country, a parcel or a property, which can be real or imaginary. The word comes from Latin frons or front, which means 'front' or 'front'. Formerly it had the connotation of a barrier of an opposite territory.

The use of the term is very widespread in the geopolitical sphere, since the border refers to the geographical limits of nations, within which they exercise their sovereignty and outside of which they can do nothing without being considered a violation of the sovereignty of the country. neighboring country.

In this case, the borders are established by the societies (nations), by which it is understood that the geographical limits are actually imaginary lines drawn by convention from the appropriation of a territory, either by force or through negotiation. .

Border types

Natural border

It refers to borders that are in some way delimited by their own spatial characteristics, that is, those in which geographical features establish territorial limits. For example, seas, cliffs, mountain ranges, rivers, etc.

Land border

They refer to those borders between countries that are naturally limited by geographical accidents or by marks made by man to delimit the dominion of a nation over a territory.

Air border

It is the airspace in which a nation has the rights of use and where it must establish administrative controls.

Maritime border

It refers to a maritime extension of the territorial border, with a range of up to 200 miles, which is considered part of the limits of a nation and, as such, must be administered by the country in question and respected by other nations.

Political border

It refers to the administrative areas of government within a specific territory. Sometimes these areas can be associated with cultural and linguistic differences. For example, parishes, municipalities, states and autonomous communities.

See also Sovereignty.

Continental border and extra-continental border

Continental borders are those that are framed within the continents themselves. The extra-continental ones refer to those islands or keys that are under the administration of a State that may or may not share the maritime platform.

Artificial border

It refers to all those borders that are established by means of marks introduced by man, in the absence of geographical elements that facilitate it. Such marks can mark the limits of a country or the limits of private property.

Cultural frontier

They are intangible borders that delimit the areas of influence of certain cultural groups, which can affect at any scale. For example, within a city there may be boundaries of cultural influence determined by an urban tribe or by a ghetto. There are also cultural borders in countries where there is more than one language or language. Each of these languages ​​has an area of ​​influence that corresponds to a cultural border.

Ideological frontier

They are those borders that are established from the ideological divisions suffered within a given society. For example, the division of Germany after the Second World War into the German Democratic Republic (of communist ideology) and the German Federal Republic (of capitalist ideology). Another example is the current North Korea (communist) and South Korea (capitalist).

Living borders and dead borders

Living borders are those boundaries between nations in which there is a vigorous activity of human and economic exchange. On the other hand, dead borders correspond to those in which there is practically no exchange activity, which is usually related to geography.

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