Meaning of Fundamentalism
What is Fundamentalism:
As fundamentalism, in a general sense, it is called the current of thought that promotes absolute submission to a certain doctrine or practice in an uncompromising way. The word, as such, derives from "fundamental", which refers to what serves as the foundation or is basic for something, and is composed with "-ism", which indicates "doctrine" or "movement".
In this sense, fundamentalism has historically been associated with ideological or religious currents that impose absolute compliance with its precepts, established in the sacred or foundational books, and that do not admit any type of contextual or updated replica or interpretation of its doctrine.
Hence, fundamentalisms are dogmatic, due to their uncompromising stance; fanatics, due to their uncompromisingly committed militancy, and extremists, due to the catastrophic consequences that the thoughtless, inflexible and uncompromising positions of fundamentalist groups can bring about, which are capable of committing atrocious acts of terrorism to impose their doctrine.
Likewise, there are fundamentalist practices associated with certain ideological currents, such as those outlined in books such as My struggleby Adolf Hitler, or the Red Book of Mao. In the same way, some doctrines or systems of thought associated with economics, culture or philosophy are usually classified as fundamentalist to denote their dogmatic and inflexible condition.
Religious fundamentalism is one that supposes the literal application of the doctrine contained in the sacred books, both in public and private life, and that does not admit contextual interpretations, updates or modern perspectives.
Christian fundamentalism is one that advocates a literal interpretation of the Bible. As such, it arose in the United States, at the same time as the First World War, as a reaction to certain tendencies of modern thought, such as scientism, for example, whose theory of evolution collapsed the thesis of creationism. Because they interpreted the Bible literally, they were also called literalists.
Islamic fundamentalism is a religious political movement that promotes the strict application of the doctrine of the Qur'an in all aspects of life, both public and private. As such, it aims to implement the laws of Islam in all areas of society, both civil and criminal. The most serious consequence of Islamic fundamentalism has been the holy war or jihad, that is, the historical crusade of Islam to spread throughout the world and, from its perspective, to recover the part of the world that the West has corrupted. Some of the most dire manifestations of this have been the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York, March 11, 2004 in Madrid, and January 7, 2014 in Paris.