What is Gestalt theory?
Gestalt is a current of psychology, theoretical and experimental, which is dedicated to the study of human perception.
Gestalt is a word from German, and can be translated as 'shape' or 'outline'.
The Gestalt school was born in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century, with the contribution of researchers Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler and Kurt Koffka, who postulated perception as the basic process of human mental activity, so that the rest operations of a psychic nature, such as thinking, learning or memory, would be subordinate to the correct functioning of the perceptual organization processes.
For Gestalt, the human being organizes his perceptions as wholes, as form or configuration, and not as a simple sum of their parts. Hence, what is perceived goes from being a set of spots to becoming people, objects or scenes.
In this sense, it is a discipline that studies the process by which our brain orders and shapes (that is, meaning) the images it receives from the external world or from what has seemed relevant to it.