Meaning of Grammar
What is Grammar:
Grammar is the part of Linguistics that studies the set of rules and principles that governs a language. Grammar comes from Latin grammar, and this in turn from the Greek γραμματική (grammatiqué), which derives from γράμμα (gramma), which means ‘letter’, ‘written’.
As such, a grammar is divided into three parts. On the one hand, there is morphology, which is responsible for analyzing the structure of words; on the other, syntax, which studies the ways in which these are linked in a sentence and the functions they fulfill within it; and, finally, phonetics and phonology, which analyze the sounds of speech and their linguistic organization, respectively.
Grammar can also refer to the treatise or study on a language, which is also useful for its knowledge and teaching: "I am going to review all my English grammars to clear up any doubt."
The art of speaking and writing a language correctly is also known as grammar: "What a good command of grammar you have!"
Generative grammar is a linguistic theory developed by Noam Chomsky that, from the study of the syntax of languages, tries to explain how the human being manages to generate an infinite series of grammatically correct sentences starting from a finite set of rules and resources.
In this sense, generative grammar would be applicable to the study of any language, since it postulates that all languages have basic operating mechanisms that are common to them, differing only in phonology and lexicon, as well as in specific aspects of syntax.
As structural grammar, the study of a language is called focused on the relationships that are established between all the elements of a language, as well as on all its levels of realization (written or spoken), which allow us to understand it as a great system. His predecessor was the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure.
Traditional grammar is designated as that set of ideas on grammatical study inherited from the first Greek philosophers, who tried to define, classify and describe the rules and mechanisms that intervened in the functioning of languages.
This type of grammar, subordinate to the principles of logic, remained in force for centuries, since it was not until well into the twentieth century that new ways of conceiving grammar emerged, such as structural grammar.
Normative or prescriptive grammar is one that, through precepts, establishes the norms or correct uses of a language. As such, normative grammar is rather a pedagogical instrument that attempts to postulate certain more advisable forms of use over others that are stigmatized.