Meaning of Hermeneutics
What is Hermeneutics:
Hermeneutics refers to the art of interpreting texts, whether they are of a sacred, philosophical or literary nature.
Likewise, through hermeneutics it is intended to find the true meaning of words, both written and verbal.
Hermeneutics has its origins in ancient times, when various thinkers concentrated on the task of interpreting sacred texts or scriptures in order to differentiate the truth from the spiritual, and clarify what was ambiguous or unclear. Some of them were Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, Martin Luther, among others.
However, it was in the Modern Age that the studies around hermeneutics took greater shape after the contributions of the philosopher Friedrich Schleiermacher, which is why he is considered the father of hermeneutics.
Among its principles proposed by Schleiermacher stands out the idea of understanding and interpreting the speech as the author exposes it, and then proposing an even better interpretation than this one.
The term hermeneutics derives from the Greek ἑρμηνευτικὴ τέχνη (hermeneutiké tejne), which means the 'art of explaining, translating, clarifying or interpreting'. Likewise, the word hermeneutics is related to the name of the Greek god Hermes, the messenger god with the ability to decipher hidden meanings.
Biblical hermeneutics has as its purpose the study of the principles, rules and methods to carry out an adequate interpretation of the biblical texts in order to understand their meaning.
In this sense, it aims to offer the means to make a correct interpretation of the texts of the Bible. Some of the methods used require textual, literary, and historical analysis.
Likewise, hermeneutics is used to interpret other religious works from various cultures. Hence, on many occasions it is related to the term exegesis, which refers, and in the strict sense, to the "interpretation" of a religious, scientific and philosophical text.