Meaning of Holocaust
What is the Holocaust:
A holocaust is, in generic terms, a great slaughter of people. It is essentially used to refer to the systematic killing of Jews by Nazism and its collaborators during World War II, and is often referred to as the Jewish Holocaust or simply the Holocaust (in capital letters).
Initially, for the Jews, the holocaust was a religious sacrifice in which an animal was completely burned (in principle, ruminant animals with split hooves, for example, lambs, calves, goats or steers). This sacrifice served, among other purposes, to show submission, gratitude or petition to Yahweh.
Today, "holocaust" can be used to refer to a sacrifice or an act of self-denial for the benefit of other people.
Finally, the holocaust comes from the Latin holocaustum, and in turn from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος, (holókauston), formed by ὁλον, (‘Completely, totality’) and καυστος ('Burned'). Depending on the context, some of the following words may be used synonymously: massacre, genocide, sacrifice, offering, immolation, and ritual.
Causes of the Holocaust
The fundamental point of Nazism was racism. According to this ideology, the Germans belonged to a superior race called Ariana that could not get involved with other races and the Jews were their main enemies.
Jews were the main victims of the Nazi ideology that held them responsible for the chaos that Germany suffered after the First World War and the peace treaties. Furthermore, Adolf Hitler and his followers defended the thesis that Jews were an inferior race and therefore should be eliminated.
Laws against Jews were reformed and increased as the Nazists came to power.
See also Nazism.
This term began to be used after World War II to refer to the mass extermination of millions of Jews in Europe by the Nazi regime. According to historians, about 6 million people of Jewish religion were killed during World War II. The Hitler regime referred to this extermination process as the "final solution to the Jewish question."
The Holocaust included an organized system to carry out this genocide, it included death camps (such as Bergen-Belsen or Auschwitz), gas chambers and crematoriums. The SS Commander-in-Chief Heinrich Himmler is usually considered to be in charge of managing this process.
With the military defenses in Germany by the allied troops, thousands of prisoners were found in the concentration camps. On January 27, 1945, Soviet forces were the first to arrive at the Auschwitz camp, the largest of all. The prisoners who resisted the massacre were released, after which the world gained knowledge of the Nazi atrocities.
January 27 is the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust.