What is Hominid:
Hominid is the name given, in the study of the evolution of species, to individuals of the order of higher primates and of the class of mammals.
Formerly, in the hominid classification u hominidae (term in Latin) only included the evolutionary line of the Homo. The classification started from the comparative observation of the fossil finds, which revealed a set of essential common features:
- Bipedal locomotion;
- Progressive increase in the cranial mass;
- Stereoscopic vision;
- Opposable thumbs;
- Independent limbs;
- Sensitive hands that can record information.
However, since some studies showed that humans and other primates share more than 90% of genetic information, the term has been expanded.
Today, in addition to the human race, chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans and bonobos have been included in the hominid category. However, based on their differences, the members of this group are classified into four different genders:
- Homo: the human race.
- Gorilla: gorillas.
- I put: the orangutans.
- Bread: chimpanzees and bonobos.
This new classification generated changes in the taxonomy of the evolution of primates. Consequently, the term homininosu was coined hominin (In latin). This refers exclusively to the genres Homo Y Bread.
Now, because this modification is recent, there are still many bibliographic sources that use these terms in the old or traditional way. This forces the reader to be attentive to the reference point from which the researcher starts.