Meaning of Homonym
What is Homonym:
As a homonym, it is understood the words that, being the same due to their shape, have different meanings, for example: the term sail can be used to refer to a boat or wax, it all depends on the context in which it will be used.
The homonymous word is of Greek origin "homonyms " made of "homo" What does it mean "same, similar" Y "Onoma”Expresses "Name”.
The homonymous words are divided into: homograph homonyms and homophone homonyms.
Homograph homonyms are distinguished by being words with the same spelling and pronunciation but with different meanings, for example: polishing tool file and fruit file.
Homophone homonyms are words that are pronounced or sound the same but have different spellings. For example, the word hundred corresponding to the number 100 and, temple to indicate the two lateral parts of the head located between the forehead, the ear and the cheek.
On the other hand, there is dialectal homophony, this arises in some regions of Spain and Latin American countries, and is caused by the lack of attention in spelling, generally with the words that have the letters "s" or "z".
In this sense, it can be observed that words that are paronyms become homophones. An example is with the word "hunt" or "house", in some places in Spain the pronunciation of "hunt" is used to indicate hunt or house and, as well as these examples, there are others, among these "dipper" or "case" , and so on.
In homonymy, there are different meanings for the same signifier. They are different signifiers due to the etymology of the words, that is, their origin.
For example, llama, it is a ruminant animal originating in South America, it comes from Quechua llama and, it can also be a gaseous mass in combustion since it comes from the Latin “flamma”.
On the other hand, the homonymous word can be used to refer to a person or thing that has the same name as another.
In this sense, it is what is known as a namesake, that is, they have the same name. for example: "the film is based on the homonymous novel of 50 Shades of Gray", "my friend Isabel and my cousin Isabel are homonyms since they share the same name, it can also be said that they are namesakes".
See also Ambiguous.
Homonyms and Paronyms
Paronyms are words that are similar in sound but are written differently and have different meanings. In this case, the following words are presented: quiet - crook, slab - earthenware, foresee - provide, and so on.
Homonyms and polysemy
Polysemy occurs when a significant corresponds to several meanings. In this case, the difference between polysemy and homonym is that while the words have different etymological origin, the same does not happen with the polysemy words, they all have the same etymological origin.