What is a hunger strike
As a hunger strike we call the voluntary measure of a person not to eat in order to exert pressure on an authority so that it meets their demands and requests.
As such, hunger strikes are a tool of peaceful social struggle, although extreme, whose fundamental objective is to demand the fulfillment of some right or the elimination of rules or norms that, from the striker's point of view, are unjust or arbitrary. In this sense, one of the reasons that motivate someone to choose this instrument of protest is to highlight a situation of injustice.
The strike consists of the voluntary abstinence from consuming food for a time that can be defined or indefinite (depending on the magnitude of the demands), to persuade the authority that, motivated by humanitarian sentiments, to attend the case in question.
Hunger strikes are made up of the striker or strikers, and, ideally, by a support group responsible for collaborating and ensuring the proper development of the measure, and a technical team, made up of different health professionals, who monitor the strikers' conditions.
The hunger strike, as such, is the most drastic type of strike, since it involves an attack on one's health, by subjecting the body to a progressive deterioration that can lead to death from starvation if it lasts longer than it should. In this sense, it is a measure that shows that a person is willing to die if he does not achieve what he sets out to do.
Among the most notorious hunger strikes in the world, we can mention the seventeen that Mahatma Gandhi carried out throughout his life. In Latin America, in recent times, we can mention that of Evo Morales, president of Bolivia, Ingrid Betancourt, a Colombian politician, and Leopoldo López, a Venezuelan politician.