Meaning of Humanization
What is Humanization:
Humanization is the action and effect of humanizing. That is, humanization is the process by which something is endowed with human qualities. The object of humanization can be a thing, an animal, a person, a group of people or an institution.
To understand it better it is necessary to understand what human qualities are. Symbolically the word human represents the conscious and deliberate quality that people have of being empathetic, supportive, affective, communicative, loving, social, rational and relational.
In contrast, deliberately acting against empathy, solidarity, affection, communication, love, society, reason and relationship is considered inhumane.
In this sense, human is opposed to animal or beast, beings in whom consciousness does not intervene on these qualities and who do not act deliberately based on them. Thus, when someone has become inhuman or dehumanized, there is talk of the urgent need to re-humanize.
Given this, it is clear that most of the time the word humanization is anchored to a moral and ethical assessment of the nature of human behavior in the social context.
Examples of this are expressions such as "Society must humanize itself again"; "The health sector must commit to its humanization."
See also Human.
Humanization in literature and art
In literature and art it is very common to find references and stories about processes of humanization, which are usually also called by the name of personification.
In genres such as fables and fantastic stories, animals or objects with human qualities are frequently represented: they walk, eat, speak, interact, think and feel like humans, that is, they act consciously and deliberately in the context of the story. . This is visible in stories like Beauty and the Beast or Pinocchio.
In addition, humanization or personification is very common as a rhetorical figure. Phrases like "The walls hear" function as examples of personification of objects for aesthetic and symbolic purposes.
Humanization as a theme is a recurring conflict in science fiction literature.Isaac Asimov, to name one of the best known authors on this matter, has comprehensively addressed the problem of human quality through the laws of robotics that he applies in different stories.
In painting and the visual arts in general, we speak more of anthropomorphization (transformation of an object into human form). For example, in ancient Egyptian art the gods were frequently depicted as anthropomorphic animals.