Meaning of Hurricane

What is Hurricane:

Hurricane is the name by which the meteorological phenomenon of tropical cyclones is known. The word hurricane It is a voice from the Taíno language, hence this is the most common denomination in the region of the Caribbean Sea.

The hurricane, as such, is a storm that presents strong winds that revolve around an axis or core, known as the eye of the hurricane. It is characterized by being an eminently tropical atmospheric phenomenon, which causes abundant rainfall, strong winds and a low pressure center, all of which can generate huge waves, minor tornadoes and cause floods. On average, it can last about nine days and its most dire consequences are material damage and human losses. Hurricanes generally lose strength when they make landfall.

See also Wind.

However, hurricanes also have positive climatic effects in some regions: they bring rainfall to desert areas and warm temperatures to usually temperate regions.

Hurricane formation

Hurricanes form in the warm waters of the torrid zone of the planet as a result of low pressure, humid air from the sea surface, and the Coriolis force that causes rotating wind currents, which in the northern hemisphere move counterclockwise and clockwise in the southern hemisphere.

For a tropical storm to reach a sufficient level to be considered a hurricane, it must gradually pass through three previous stages: that of tropical disturbance, that of a tropical wave or depression, and that of a tropical storm. During the course of the first to the last stage there is a considerable gradual increase in the intensity, duration and dimensions of the storm.

Hurricane Categories

Hurricanes are categorized on a scale from 1 to 5, depending on the speed of the winds, the level of the tide, the central pressure and the type of damage it can cause, with 1 being the lowest level and 5 the highest risk level. Katrina and Mitch, for example, were Category 5 hurricanes. The scale was created by Herbert Saffir and Robert Simpson, which is why it is also known as the Saffir-Simpson scale.

Hurricane, typhoon and cyclone

The hurricane is a meteorological phenomenon whose name varies according to the geographical area where it occurs. In this sense, if it occurs in the region of the Caribbean Sea, the western Atlantic Ocean and the eastern Pacific, it is called a hurricane; For their part, those that develop in the western Pacific Ocean and the China Sea are known as typhoons; finally, those that take place of formation in the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific are usually known as cyclones. In itself, the variation of the name does not represent any difference in the characteristics of the meteorological phenomenon, they are simply the usual names that in each region have historically given the phenomenon.

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