Meaning of National Identity

What is National Identity:

National identity is a feeling of belonging to the collectivity of a State or nation. It is built on a set of aspects related to culture, language, ethnicity, religion or the characteristic traditions of said community.

As such, it is based on the concept of the nation, which is a community of people who share a series of historical-cultural ties and who live within a territory or State. National identity has been fundamental for the feeling of cohesion and unity of the States.

See also What is a Nation?

National identity is an idea that derives from the national constructions made by the nationalisms of the 19th century, mainly in the European and American nation-states, although it has subsequently spread throughout the world.

See also Nationalism.

In addition to the cultural elements of the language or traditions, national identity also often takes as reference issues such as national symbols, natural symbols and distinctive signs, such as flags, shields or hymns.

National identity can be subject to the political framework of a State, or it can be linked to the most malleable concept of nation, which means that different national identities can exist within a State (the pluriculturalism and multiculturalism of some American States, such as Bolivia) , or the same identity in different states (the Jewish people).

See also Pluriculturality.

National identity can manifest itself in different ways and to varying degrees through patriotism, nationalism, and chauvinism. It can be expressed in feelings ranging from self-love and pride, to xenophobia and fanaticism.

Likewise, national identity can be used as an element of resistance against colonialist domination or imperialist aggressions, as happened during the 20th century, with the decolonization and third world movements.

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