Meaning of social identity
What is Social Identity:
Social identity is defined as the self-concept that each individual makes of his "I" or "self "As for the social groups to which he belongs, what he identifies with and even the self-esteem he possesses.
Social identity is determined when people recognize their place in society.
Social identification allows each individual to self-recognize the place they occupy in each social group to which they belong or have joined and why.
Thus, social identification helps individuals to recognize what are those values, beliefs, stereotypes, tastes, social group, purchasing power, prejudices, gender, among other aspects, that they share and even differentiate them from other people.
Starting from the social groups of which each person is a part, the person can determine what their social identity is and how they resemble or differ from others according to the traits they share with the rest of the members of the group, who, in their own way time, they differentiate it from the others.
For example, Pedro is a 16-year-old teenage student who is on his school's basketball team. In turn, Pedro has a taste for music and is a member of a singing group in his community.
At home, he is the older brother of two children that his parents have. When Pedro described the profile of his personality in the social networks that he usually uses, he presented himself as a sportsman who loves basketball and is passionate about music.
However, as can be seen, Pedro is more than an athlete and a musician, he is also a student, a man, a son, an older brother, among others, but in social networks he identifies socially with the groups with which he feels more affinity. : athletes and musicians.
This is also an example that exposes how people choose to belong to certain groups based on their social identity and even their personal identity.
Social identity theory
The theory of social identity was formulated by Henri Tajfel and John Turner in order to understand how social groups differ from discrimination and increased self-esteem by considering themselves better than others. The theory is made up of four elements.
Categorization: it is the list of individual characteristics that differentiate a person from others and by which they are related.
Identification: when people feel identified and relate to others or other social groups that raise their self-esteem.
Comparison: comparison is used as a tool to judge which social group is better than another according to their identities.
Psychosocial distinction: it is the need that individuals have to differentiate their identity and highlight it as good before the social groups to which it belongs.
Difference between social and personal identity
Personal identity is the perception that each individual has about himself and that develops as he understands who each one is as an individual and unique being. For example, consider yourself intelligent, respectful, honest, friendly.
Unlike social identity, which seeks to find the group or social groups to which each individual belongs, on the contrary, personal identity refers, first, to recognizing oneself as an individual being and then as a social being.
Personal identity also derives from the bases on which we people are raised, from the family to which we belong, the instilled values, among others.
Furthermore, people's individuality is determined even by external factors that differentiate or resemble us from those around us.
Therefore, as each person identifies himself as an individual being, he will also carry out the development of his social identity.