Meaning of Ikurriña
What is Ikurriña:
The flag of the Basque Country or Euskadi is known by the name of ikurriña. The word, as such, is a neologism derived from the Basque voice ikur, which means 'symbol'. It is considered the official flag of this territory since 1979.
The flag consists of a rectangle with a red background where a green cross and a white cross are superimposed, in a ratio of 14:25.
The ikurriña was decreed as an official flag for the first time in 1936 by the Provisional Government of the Basque Country. However, after the military coup of that same year, it would be declared illegal by the new military government.
In the years of the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco, the display of the ikurriña was prohibited, hence it became a symbol of the anti-Franco struggle in the Basque region.
In 1977, more than forty years later, the flag could once again be displayed freely thanks to the end of the Franco regime and the beginning of the Spanish transition.
See also Francoism.
In 1979, for its part, through the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, it was again recognized as the official flag of the Basque Autonomous Community.
The flag, however, is usually used as a Basque flag, without official character, in the rest of the territories considered by Basque nationalism as members of Euskal Herria, which means 'country of the Basque language', and which refers to the territorial space in the one that historically has been present the Basque culture, like the French Basque Country.
Its use has been frequently associated with Basque nationalism in all its expressions, from the most moderate, such as political parties or cultural institutions, to the most radical, such as the terrorist group ETA.