Meaning of Illustration

What is Illustration:

Illustration is the action and effect of illustrating. Also, it is to clarify a point or matter with words, images, or otherwise, it is also to adorn a form with plates or engravings to make it more attractive to the eye or better explain its content.

In the same way, the illustration is a publication, usually periodical, with plates and drawings apart from the text that it usually contains. The word illustration is of origin "Illustrare" What does it mean "to illustrate", “divulge", Formed by the prefix "In”On the Latin verb "I will shine”.

In the same way, the expression illustration refers to a more important ideological movement of the 18th century, a time known as the century of reason, it was based on the primacy of reason over any other human faculty and on the idea of ​​man as owner of his historical destiny. This critical stance towards the institutions led to a political movement led by the bourgeoisie.

In reference to the above, Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau stood out among the most prominent intellectuals of the Enlightenment era. Montesquieu was in favor of the fact that the 3 powers of the State (Legislative, Executive and Judicial) should be separated and not fall, as in the case of the absolutist monarchs, in a single person; Rousseau denied the right to exercise sovereignty on the basis of divine origin, man is free and only renounces his freedom when a society is formed.

The political theories were joined by successful economic doctrines such as Quesnay's physiocracy, which placed the land as the only source of wealth, or the liberalism of Adam Smith, who advocated the removal of customs barriers and free trade.

In the illustration, in the religious sphere, practices of deism, atheism and satanism were observed. At that time there was a spiritual conception of the church and it was subject to the absolute power of the State.

However, during the Enlightenment a type of government known as enlightened despotism emerged, the absolutist monarchs of the eighteenth century found in the political formula of enlightened despotism a way to satisfy the people without losing absolute control of their power. The sovereigns adopted the role of servants of the State and had, for their subjects, a well-defined paternalistic and protective attitude in the phrase that has remained as a synthesis of what that government was "Everything for the people, but without the people."

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