Incest Meaning

What is Incest:

Incest is a word comes from the Latin term incestus, which means "not chaste." It refers to the practice of sexual relations between people with a close degree of genetic consanguinity, which is taboo.

Incest refers especially to the sexual relations of parents with children, grandparents with grandchildren, brothers with brothers and uncles with nephews. In some cultures it may encompass other less direct degrees of consanguinity such as cousins ​​or distant relatives.

These types of relationships have been and are condemned in all cultures and are currently punishable by law in all nations. The legal exceptions that are registered throughout history are the result of the convenience of State affairs, to guarantee the continuity in power of a certain royal family.

There are various theories that justify the prohibition of incest. The interesting thing is that at this point various disciplines or approaches coincide, such as religions, science and law.

Incest in Greek literature

Incest has been a constant concern in the cultures of the world. For this reason, it appears portrayed in many literary, religious and mythical sources, both ancient and modern. This is the case, for example, of the vast Greek literature, in which incest is presented as a fundamental conflict in King Oedipus or Electra, of Sophocles, as well as in the various mythical tales of antiquity.

Incest in the Bible

In the Bible, incest is morally condemned, as expressed in the book of Leviticus in its chapter 18. However, some Old Testament stories, which relate the expansion of the Jewish people, refer to incestuous relationships as an extreme resource for the procreation of offspring. . An example of this is the passage in which Lot's daughters get him drunk to get pregnant and create a lineage.

Incest in science

From a scientific point of view, it has been determined that incest generates conflicts in genetic inheritance, which are inconvenient for the development of the human race. The risk is not immediate but it does become visible with the generational step in the transmission of parallel genes. For this reason, science is the basis for the legal prohibition of incest.

Some studies have revealed that exogamy, that is, sexual relations with people outside the family group, is a survival instinct of the species.

This means that human beings are unconsciously excited by differences in chromosomes in order to promote the immunity of the offspring.

In this sense, science chooses to defend the convenience of exogamous relationships and reject endogamous relationships.

Incest in psychoanalysis

The theory of psychoanalysis, developed by Sigmund Freud, reflects on the problem of incest, not only literally but symbolically. For Freud, incest is present in human relationships and social behavior, which would even explain the ways in which historical violence has manifested itself.

Freud found in the characters of Greek literature the archetypal models of human drives, from which he defined the Oedipus complex and the Electra complex.

Incest in anthropology

The anthropologist Levy-Strauss believed that he had found the historical justification for the prohibition of incest in matricentral families and societies. In addition to the instinctive component of genetic protection, matricentral families would have found the convenience of incorporating males into the family group for practical economy and protection.

See also:

  • Taboo.
  • Inbreeding.

Tags:  Expressions-In-English Technology-E-Innovation Science