Meaning of Inclusion
What is Inclusion:
Inclusion is the attitude, tendency or policy of integrating all people in society, with the aim that they can participate and contribute to it and benefit from this process. The word, as such, comes from Latin inclusive, inclusiōnis.
Inclusion seeks to ensure that all individuals or social groups, especially those who are in conditions of segregation or marginalization, can have the same possibilities and opportunities to fulfill themselves as individuals.
Inclusion is formulated as a solution to the problem of exclusion that is caused by circumstances such as poverty, illiteracy, ethnic or religious segregation, among other things.
For some authors, it is the State, through its institutions, the body that must implement plans and policies to correct these situations and promote inclusion and social welfare.
See also Social welfare.
Educational inclusion is a concept of pedagogy. It states that the school must be able to include all individuals in the educational process, regardless of their condition, origin, race, religion or gender, etc.
For school inclusion, diversity is a positive value within the school. He understands that we are all different and that, regardless of our characteristics (physical, psychological, social, cultural), we have the same right to receive a quality education.
The purpose of inclusive education is to achieve the individual and social well-being of all the subjects that participate in the formal education system.
See also Educational inclusion.
Social inclusion is the process of making it possible for people or groups of people subject to a situation of social segregation or marginalization to fully participate in social life.
As such, social inclusion focuses on people who are in a precarious situation due to various circumstances, such as poverty, origin, gender, physical conditions (disabilities), belonging to a certain ethnic group or religion, etc.
The objective of social inclusion, in this sense, is to improve the living conditions of the individuals who are part of these groups, and offer them the same opportunities at the political, educational, economic or financial level, etc.
Thus, social inclusion means opportunities for work, health, decent housing, education, security, among other things, for the most vulnerable sectors of the population.
See also Social inclusion.
Inclusion and exclusion
Inclusion and exclusion are opposite sides of the same coin. Exclusion is the situation of marginalization or segregation in which certain groups are found in a society, especially ethnic, religious or racial minorities.
Exclusion translates into disadvantageous conditions in access to goods, services and resources in relation to other social groups that, for various reasons, are in privileged positions.
In this sense, inclusion supposes the set of actions aimed at correcting these exclusion problems in society. It implies integrating individuals belonging to these marginalized groups so that they have the same rights and opportunities to develop and lead their lives.