Meaning of Industrialization
What is Industrialization:
Industrialization refers to the production of goods in large proportions and also refers to the process by which a society or state moves from an agricultural economy to an industrialized economy.
Industrialization is generated in a specific sector and is based on the development of machinery, techniques and work processes in order to produce more in less time, as well as on economic growth that seeks to maximize the benefits and results of the Domestic Product. Gross (GDP).
Thanks to industrialization, a new social, economic, political, cultural and geographical order was created.
Agricultural jobs were systematized with the development of new machinery, the inhabitants of the countryside emigrated to new and large cities in search of job opportunities, better wages, a new home, a better quality of life, the nuclear and non-numerous family was standardized. , among others.
The Industrial Revolution was the first step towards industrialization, this process began in the mid-18th century and at the beginning of the 19th century, when the first changes in the mechanization of work processes, incorporation of machinery, serial production and the use of coal as an energy source.
Therefore, industrialization made it possible to reduce the time and cost of manufacturing many products, to increase the volume of production on a large scale, to make better use of human capital, and to expand markets and sales percentages.
The main activities to be industrialized were textiles, automobiles, pharmaceuticals and metallurgy.
However, this fact was not the same in all countries, the first to industrialize were England, France and Germany, later other countries joined, including the United States, Japan and Russia, and more recently several countries in Africa. Latin America and Asia.
These industrial processes completely modified the economy, development, productivity, automation and consumption of goods in the countries.
Characteristics of industrialization
Among the main characteristics of industrialization, the following can be highlighted:
- New social and family order.
- Expansion and growth of new cities.
- Growth of the upper and middle social classes, and origin of the proletariat.
- Renewal of production processes through the mechanization of manufacturing.
- Technological development.
- Mass production began, on a large scale that requires increased sales and reduced costs.
- A new order and economic and commercial system originated.
- Working hours were adjusted.
- The way of thinking and doing business negotiations was transformed.
- The chemical industry developed.
- Industrialization is part of the modernization process.
- It went from a primary economy, that is, rural and extraction, to a secondary economy of transformation that developed the tertiary economy of commercialization.
- Increase in levels of environmental pollution and decrease in levels of natural resources.
See also Industry.
Industrialization in Mexico
Industrialization in Mexico has been generated progressively throughout its history. It is said that it began approximately in 1880, at which time the economy began to grow thanks to the construction of railways, the telegram and telephone networks, as well as the important and large agricultural production that was developing.
In addition, it should be mentioned that mining was also carried out in Mexico, opportunities that foreigners took advantage of to invest considering that labor was cheap and it was a country that already had terrestrial communication networks.
Later, with the discovery of oil fields, Mexico saw even greater growth in its industry and economy. However, the greatest industrialization boom in Mexico occurred after World War II.
In this way, the Mexican economy, industry and commerce grew to become an important industrialized country in Latin America.
Industrialization and imperialism
At the end of the 19th century, imperialism emerged, which consisted of a new regime of order and political and economic control of expansion on the part of the industrialized countries and, which in turn was used to dominate the developing countries whose economies were weak. and dependents.
Imperialism had the need to dominate the less developed countries and where there were important sources of resources for industrial advancement.
Consequently, the industrial capital, which is an important characteristic of imperialism, was strengthened.