The 9 most surprising technological innovations

Technological innovations are inventions or creations that present a novelty in the way of meeting the needs of today's society that would not exist without the advancement of technology.

Thanks to the extraordinary advancement of science in recent years, technology created and implemented with the help of engineers has made the innovations of the 21st century so amazing that they have surpassed fiction.

Here are some of the most amazing technological innovations that revolutionized the world creating the one we know today.

1. GPS

The GPS Global Positioning System changed the way we move. Thanks to this system initially created only for military use, today we can locate ourselves in an unknown place and find paths without the need for a map or prior knowledge.

GPS uses the 24 satellites that orbit our planet Earth to deliver the exact location directly to our electronic device. From the design of maps in II BC. and the invention of the compass in 1090, GPS is a surprising technological innovation to locate us in this world.

See also GPS.

2. Nanorobots

Nanorobots are systems designed to perform specific tasks on the nanoscale (billionth of a meter) dimensions. This great technological innovation by the Catalan Samuel Sanchez (1980-) was thought of as a cure for cancer. Thanks to this technological innovation, Samuel Sanchez was chosen in 2014 as the Best Innovator of the Year under 35 years old in the famous MIT magazine (Massachusetts institute of technology).

Nanotechnology has advanced enough so that today, in addition to administering drugs, DNA nanorobots can identify tumors within the body and discharge the dose of thrombin so that they can no longer feed and die. These nanorobots move by themselves, react to stimuli, and are 5,000 times smaller than the tip of a needle. Certainly a surprising technological innovation after the invention of the vaccine in 1796.

See also Nanotechnology.

3. Maglev magnetic levitation transport

Maglev, for its acronym in English magnetic levitation, is a transport that uses magnetic levitation to reach top speeds of up to 590 km / h. Magnetic levitation for ground transportation is one of the most innovative technological feats for passenger transportation.

In this way, thanks to the propulsion created based on the science of magnetism, the friction of the rails is eliminated, significantly increasing speed, safety and reducing carbon emission. Maglev has become the technological innovation of the public transport of the future.

See also Magnetism.

4. Internet

The Internet has generated a revolution in modern communication since the first connection network was established in 1969. This technology has been key to the innovations created since the 21st century and in our way of life.

Thanks to the Internet, today we are more connected than ever in a partially globalized society. We can share moments with family and friends and information through the network almost instantly. The Internet, along with the web, has been one of the most amazing technological innovations that have shaped our society today.

See also the Internet.

5. Smartphone

The smartphone has replaced the way we communicate, register, think and even pay. Thanks to this electronic device that almost all individuals today have, it is possible to do all tasks remotely and anywhere.

The smartphone or smartphone, has increased our mobility and individuality where our contacts, documents and pleasures can be held in the palm of our hands. This technological innovation has replaced the telephone, television and modified our form of social communication.

See also Smartphone.

6. Pacemakers

The pacemaker is a surprising technological innovation since its invention in 1958. The advancement of medical science achieves with the pacemaker to introduce an electronic device inside the human body to stimulate the impulses of the heart, maintaining life.

The pacemaker is about the size of a coin. It is capable of detecting abnormalities in the electrical signal of the heart and sending the electrical signals necessary for it to continue to function. In this sense, the pacemaker is a surprising technological innovation because it is the first step in the introduction of electronic devices inside the human body to increase the life cycle.

See also Life cycle.

7. Refrigerator

The refrigerator may not seem surprising, but it is a technological innovation that revolutionized the way we eat. Thanks to the refrigerator, first patented in 1834, population growth in cities is made possible by food distribution chains that use refrigeration.

The electric refrigerator is as amazing a technological innovation as the plow technology for agriculture in 3,900 BC. In addition to modifying the way of eating through food preservation technology, this technology would later serve for cooling systems not only for food but also for computer cooling and central heating systems in homes.

8. The QR code

The QR code for quick response or "quick response" in Spanish, is a technological innovation that surprises with the amount of information that can be extracted simply and quickly. In this way, the QR code has allowed us to innovate even in the way we buy and sell today , without the use of physical money.

Invented in 1999 by the Japanese Masahiro Hara, it achieves that the most complex information can be extracted by scanning the code horizontally or vertically. Its predecessor, the barcode invented in 1973, required scientific and technological advance, going from the laser beam to computer technology.

9. Lightning rod

If all the electrical charge of lightning were spread throughout all cities on stormy days, it would not be possible to maintain the amount of electronic devices that we have in our homes today.

The importance of the lightning rod, invented in 1752 by Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), is striking because of how a simple metal structure manages to conduct the electrical discharge of lightning to safety. in this way it avoids disasters and maintains the lifestyle that we enjoy today.

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