Meaning of Kaizen
What is Kaizen:
Kaizen is a word of Japanese origin composed of two words: kai what does change mean, and Zen that expresses for something better, and in this way means continuous improvement, either in the personal, family or social context.
Japanese professor Masaaki Imai is considered the father of kaizen and founder of the Kaizen Institute, established in Switzerland in 1985.
Kaizen arises as a consequence of World War II. Japan went from being an agricultural country to an industrial one, and after the knowledge imparted by William Edwards Deming, American statistician and Joseph Juran, management consultant, on methods of quality control statistics, the Japanese gave rise to the improvement strategy quality kaizen.
As such, kaizen It is a methodology that is used on a daily basis for the continuous improvement of individuals and the social structure. In a company there must be a challenge every day that allows seeking improvements and balance in the structure, such as Toyota that applies this principle.
In consideration of the above, there are companies in which the travel time is very long up to 1 km to carry out an activity, for example, packaging of products. In this case, the implementation of the kaizen seeks to reduce the journey, so if before the worker could pack five boxes per day, now he can do ten, achieving less impact on himself, with less fatigue and effort to prepare his work, and the company enjoys an increase in its income.
The philosophy of kaizen It must be applied, in the first place, by the personnel established at the top of the pyramid of a business organization or in another context, to achieve a balanced work and social environment and as satisfactory as possible, taking into account financial and emotional stability of individuals, pleasant organizational climate and functional environment.
Kaizen and the 5S
The 5S are concepts that function as the basis of the kaizenThese are implemented continuously and only one at a time, that is, after successfully implementing one, it continues with the next, and so on.
- Seiton: refers to the organization of the material necessary for the production of the product, and in this way, individuals do not waste time in finding them, which leads to an increase in productivity.
- Seiri: This concept involves making a distinction between essential and non-essential things, to prevent less important things from disturbing normal activity.
- Seiso: it is related to the cleanliness of the workplace so that productivity is not affected.
- Seiketsu: it is the hygiene and cleanliness of the person through the use of appropriate clothing and accessories.
- Shitsuke: it is the discipline, commitment and determination that takes to guarantee the fulfillment of the previous elements, which allows to enjoy the benefits of this methodology.
Kaizen in administration
The kaizen in management is a planned, systematic and organized methodology that aims to achieve a change from existing practices that leads to an increase in business performance. This practice is based on the principle that time is the best indicator of competitiveness, apart from recognizing and eliminating existing waste in the company, either in production processes, new products, maintenance of machines or administrative processes.
Kaizen, kanban and just in time
The kaizen, kanban and just in time These are three terms that are related, since they are used in the production area of a company as methodologies to achieve a high production flow, improvements in production quality and working conditions, etc.
The term kanban is of Japanese origin; means card, board or post-it. It is an information system that indicates or controls the development of the necessary production flows in the company, managing to stimulate the production and delivery of the product. For his part, just in time (JIT) It is a philosophy related to the production management system with quality, when it is needed and without wasting the resources available to the company.