Meaning of Koinonia
What is Koinonia:
Koinonia is a theological concept that means communion. As such, it refers to ecclesial communion and the bonds it generates between the members of the Christian churches and God.
The word comes from the Greek κοινωνία (koinonia), which translates 'communion' or 'participation in the common'. This term appears in the Bible nineteen times as a noun (koinonia) and eight times as a verb (koinoneo), in the sense of 'sharing'; both, in turn, derive from the Greek voice κοινωνός (koinonós), which means 'partner' or 'participant'.
Koinonia, as such, is a term typical of Christian doctrine to designate the participation of the same faith and the communion to which all members of Christendom are subject, understood as a community affiliated with the doctrine of Jesus Christ, regardless of whether they are practitioners. of faith in the Catholic Church, linked with Rome and the Western world, or in the Orthodox Church, with a greater presence in the East, mainly in the countries of Eastern Europe.
In this sense, koinonia is a concept that is invoked, within the framework of theological dialogue, to refer to the ecclesial communion between the Church of the West and the East, separated from the year 1054 in an event known as the Great Schism, in which produced the rupture between the Church of the Western Roman Empire, based in Rome, and the Church of the Byzantine Empire, located in the city of Constantinople.
Hence, koinonia is a biblical term from which an attempt is made to rescue the concept of the unity of faith in Christian worship, founded on the common tradition of the ancient Church, in the times of full communion. Thus, koinonia would come to refer, from a theological point of view, to the communion, work and fruit of the Holy Spirit, which expresses both the relationship with God of Christians, as well as with their brothers.