Meaning of the passion of Christ
What is The Passion of Christ:
According to the Christian religion, the passion of Christ, also called the passion of Jesus, refers to the agony and suffering that Jesus of Nazareth suffered from his prayer in the garden of Gethsemane (just before being captured) until his death on the cross. .
The word passion, from the etymological point of view, comes from the Latin term passio, which in turn derives from pati, which means "endure", "suffer" or "suffer".
In this sense, the passion of Christ refers to the sufferings that Jesus, the center of the Christian faith, had to suffer after being sentenced to death by the authorities, who interpreted his religious message as a threat to him. status quo.
In Christianity, the passion and death of Jesus of Nazareth is interpreted as a vehicle of salvation since it leads to the resurrection of Jesus. In turn, the resurrection confirms Jesus as the son of God and encourages the faith of Christians in eternal life.
The passion of Christ is also interpreted as an expression of the coherence of Jesus with his message. But very especially, it is interpreted as a sign of Jesus' love for his brothers in God, since Jesus voluntarily surrenders himself to his captors, saving the lives of those who accompanied him and radiating his love to all believers.
From the theological point of view, the passion and death of Jesus, understood as the sacrifice par excellence by which all sins are forgiven, invalidates and suppresses the concept of traditional sacrifice.
Therefore, for the Christian believer, the sacrifice is limited to the symbolic and spiritual realm as an expression of love for God and the brothers, since there is no sacrifice greater than that of Jesus. An example of a symbolic sacrifice would be depriving oneself of some food to offer it to someone in need.
Literary sources of the passion of Christ
The facts of the passion of Christ that are an obligatory reference for Christians, are related in the canonical gospels of Matthew (chapters 26 and 27), Mark (14 and 15), Luke (22 and 23) and John (18 and 19) , available in the New Testament of the Bible.
Additionally, the arts and expressions of popular piety have been fed by other sources, considered apocryphal, such as Acts of Pilate, certain disclosures and other documents.
The passion of Christ in the liturgy
In each liturgical celebration, a few minutes are dedicated to commemorating the passion of Jesus and then remembering his resurrection. Even so, in the liturgical calendar there is a specific date for the remembrance of this event.
The annual commemoration strictly dedicated to the passion of Christ is called Good Friday. It takes place in Holy Week and is one of the solemnities of the so-called Easter Triduum (Holy Thursday, Good Friday and Glory Saturday).
The passion of Christ is one of the fundamental commemorations of the Christian religion in all its denominations. Each one, however, commemorates it differently.
- Holy Friday
- Paschal Triduum
- New Testament
The passion of Christ in popular and paraliturgical traditions
In the Catholic religion, the passion of Christ is also remembered through popular traditions and paraliturgical celebrations.
Among them, the Way of the Cross, which usually takes place every Friday in Lent. The Way of the Cross It is a tour of fourteen stations or stops, in which the different episodes of the passion of Jesus are reviewed. The scenes are based on the canonical gospels and apocryphal texts.
The holy rosary also recalls the passion of Christ through the so-called painful mysteries, but unlike the Way of the Cross, its only reference is the canonical gospels. These mysteries are contemplated on Tuesdays and Fridays. They include the following episodes: the prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane, the scourging of Jesus, the crowning with thorns, Jesus carrying the cross, and the death of Jesus on the cross.