What is a maze
A labyrinth is a construction made with one or more paths that deceive those who walk through it to make it difficult to find the only way out.
There are two types of labyrinths, the labyrinths of a single and complex path called unicursales and the multi-path labyrinths composed of several characteristic paths of the mazes of parks and gardens.
In English, the word unicursal labyrinth translates as labyrinth and multicursal maze like maze.
In Greek mythology, the Minotaur labyrinth or Cretan labyrinth was built by Daedalus to contain the Minotaur, son of the Cretan queen Pasiphae and a white bull.
The myth tells that King Minos, husband of Pasiphae and son of Zeus, does not fulfill his promise to sacrifice the white bull that Poseidon had made emerge from the water to be the tribute that would ensure the victory desired by Minos himself.
King Minos was punished with the possession of Pasiphae for an uncontrollable attraction for the white bull from whose relationship the Minotaur is born, who only fed on humans. In the Minotaur's labyrinth, fourteen young men from the city's noble families were offered annually as food for the monster.
Finally, Theseus decides to offer himself as a tribute one year to kill the Minotaur and end this punishment. Before leaving, Theseus and King Minos's daughter Ariadne fall in love. Ariadna, knowing that one of the challenges of the labyrinth is the meeting of the exit, gives Theseus a ball of gold thread that will help him in that task after having killed the monster with the head of a bull and the body of a human.
The labyrinth of the Cathedral of Chartres, located in France, was built in the main nave of the cathedral in the year 1220. The identified labyrinth is one of the most famous, and one of the few that lasted over time, visited and admired by pilgrims and historians.
In the third century, Christians in Europe used to make pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Due to the difficulties of the time of the crusades, the labyrinth emerged as a symbolic and mystical resource in some cathedrals, whose route replaced the pilgrimage.