Meaning of Latitude
What is Latitude:
Latitude in the geographical area, is the distance that exists between a point on the earth's surface to the equator, counted by the degrees of its meridian. The meridian is a maximum semicircle of the terrestrial sphere that passes through the poles: north and south. The word is of Latin origin "Latitudo", made of "Latus" What does it mean "broad”And the suffix“-your D"Which expresses"quality or state”
Latitude is the angle between the plane of the equator and a point on the earth's surface. Latitude is a distance to the equator measured along the Greenwich meridian and, the respective distance is measured in degrees (°), sexagesimal minute (´) and sexagesimal second (´´), it can vary between 0 ° from the equator to 90 ° N from the North Pole or 90 ° from the South Pole.
According to the hemisphere, if it is above the equator it is called north latitude and, if it is below the equator it is south latitude, and it is represented in 2 ways: indicating the hemisphere that the coordinate belongs to, for example: 20 ° N or 20 ° S or increasing a positive value before the number to indicate north latitude and, if it is south latitude, a negative sign is added before the number, for example: -10 ° 40´ 59´´, it means a latitude of 10 degrees, 40 minutes and 59 seconds of lat. South and if with the positive sign + 10 ° 40´ 59´´ is a latitude of 10 degrees, 40 minutes and 59 seconds of lat. North.
Climate is linked to latitude because it sets the amount of solar energy that a region or a certain place receives, for example: high altitude, cities far from the equator and close to the poles and therefore have a cold climate, in turn low altitude, they are cities near the equator and with high temperatures, they enjoy a hot or tropical climate.
In relation to the above, latitude divides the 3 earth into 3 large zones: the intertropical zone, located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, the tropical climate and the jungle, savanna and desert ecosystems predominate; temperate zone, located between the circles and polar tropics, has a temperate, subtropical and subpolar climate, presents an ecosystem of forests, meadows and deserts; The polar zone, established between the areas defined by the Arctic, Antarctic, polar circle, has a cold climate because the sun never shines with intensity at any time of the year and the tundras are observed as an ecosystem.
On the other hand, in astronomy, latitude is the angular distance that exists between from the ecliptic to any point considered in the celestial sphere towards one of the poles. This distance is represented in degrees (°).
The word latitude is used to indicate the smallest of the 2 main dimensions that flat things or figures have, as opposed to the largest dimension, known as longitude.
See also Meridian.
Latitude and longitude
Longitude is measured according to the meridians and is the distance between a point on the equator and the Greenwich Meridian, it is measured in degrees (°) that can range from 0 ° - 180 ° for east € or west (W). The Greenwich meridian is the 0 meridian and divides the earth into: western hemisphere and eastern hemisphere. In turn, latitude is measured from the equator to the poles, the latitude lines are the parallels and go from 0 ° to 90 ° and the equator is the parallel 0 and divides the earth into the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere.
Latitude and longitude are descriptions of place or geographic coordinates that allow determining the positions of points on the earth's surface or any territory. These allow the exact location of an object, territory, fact, etc. on maps and, therefore, its actual position on the earth's surface. It is noteworthy that the latitude is indicated first and then the longitude.
Latitude and altitude
Altitude is the height or vertical distance of a point on earth in relation to sea level, known as elevation above mean sea level. Instead, latitude indicates the distance between a point on the earth's surface and the equator.