Meaning of Lobotomy
What is Lobotomy:
The lobotomy is a psychosurgery that consists of the cutting of nerve fibers in the brain whose most common procedure is the introduction of a sharp tool to reach the frontal lobe of the brain through the cavity of the eye.
The history of lobotomy begins around the year 1880 when the psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt operated frontal lobes in his patients for the cure of mental disorders.
The lobotomy was not very successful until the Portuguese neurologist António Egas Moniz made it famous by being awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1949 for his prefrontal lobotomy technique for the treatment of mental and emotional disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. .
The spread in the 1930s and 1940s of lobotomy throughout the world is due to the dissemination of the technique since the first surgery in the United States by the American neurologist Walter Freeman in 1936.
After practicing thousands of lobotomies, or also called leukotomies, the technique began to lose popularity in the 1950s due to its low success rate and due to the introduction of chemical lobotomies in patients through more effective psychiatric medications.
The lobotomy should not be confused with the current lobectomy, which is a surgery generally used to stop cancer cells by removing all or part of the lobe of an organ, be it lung, thyroid, brain or liver.
Trepanation is an ancient technique dating from Neolithic times that consists of piercing the skull with the belief that it cured some diseases by letting out evil spirits.