The 5 most important ethical values with examples
The ethical values are those that structure the behavior of the human being with the intention of strengthening the importance of acting in a conscious, respectful way and without negatively affecting those around us.
There are various values that are considered ethical according to the perception of each individual. However, the following can be named as the most important ethical values: justice, freedom, responsibility, honesty and respect.
Justice refers to being fair and giving everyone what is rightfully theirs. People who administer justice must do so impartially, responsibly and applying the set of regulations according to the law.
However, although in specific situations justice seems to act unfairly, it must be remembered that it is applied according to what society considers morally correct or justifiable for the common good.
For example, when a person fails to comply with their obligations and commits an improper act such as theft or fraud, they know that they will have to be penalized through justice for their actions and lack of responsibility and ethics.
See also Justice.
Freedom is a fundamental and inalienable human right, that is, it is the ability of individuals to make decisions, act and assume their responsibilities. The freedom of one person does not limit the freedom of others.
However, in many cases freedom is limited in order to care for and protect the general welfare and to avoid the abuse of power and authority.
An example of freedom can be: respect and allow animals to live freely in their natural state. Abducting wild animals and keeping them in captivity is a deplorable act that violates the freedom of a living being.
Another example is freedom of expression through which people have the duty and need to be informed and to express their opinions and feelings without affecting other individuals.
See also Freedom.
Responsibility demonstrates the qualities of the human being to respond to the commitments assumed, whether or not they are completely comfortable.
Responsible people are those who keep their word and are capable of analyzing situations and responding to the consequences of their actions. In some cases the responsibility is subject to a job title, social or family role, among others.
For example, when a person adopts a pet it is assumed that he knows what his responsibilities are, that is, to cover his basic needs for food, veterinary medicine, give him a home, love and respond to all those good or bad acts that the animal performs. .
See also Liability.
Honesty reveals truth and sincerity. Honest people are also seen as responsible, fair and respectful.
Honesty is a value that encompasses all the actions and thoughts of the human being, generates trust and does not allow lies or deception.
There are several examples of honesty such as paying a debt without waiting for it to be collected, not offering or lending objects in poor condition if you have knowledge of it, facing a person and expressing what you think without having to speak it behind their back , among others.
See also Honesty.
Respect is a reciprocal value that must be instilled from an early age. Respectful people appreciate the importance of family, friends, work and all those people who are around them and with whom they share.
Respect as a value is applicable throughout life. Through respect, people can relate and understand better, as well as share their interests and needs.
Examples of this value are respect for parents, authority figures, nature, our family and friends, as well as respect for others, nature, the elderly, life, diversity, rules and laws.