Meaning of LSD (lysergic diethylamidic acid)
What is LSD (lysergic diethylamidic acid):
LSD stands for Lysergic Diethylamidic Acid (lysergic acid diethylamine in English). It was synthesized for the first time by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann (1906-2008) for his research program on a parasitic fungus that produces ergotamine, a common disease in Europe since the Middle Ages because it is commonly found in rye, the cereal where they made bread.
LSD is a semi-synthetic natural alkaloid derived from the amidation of lysergic acid present in ergot or ergot. Its chemical formula is C20H25 N3O and it is considered a psychotropic drug, which produces psychedelic effects such as hallucinations.
The studies on LSD were derived to the area of mental health, whose precursor was the British psychiatrist Humphry Osmond (1917-2004), who in 1943 began to consume LSD in order to know and study the effects. These experiences were part of his research program on treatments in schizophrenic patients.
Starting in the 60s of the 20th century, the counterculture represented by urban tribes such as, for example, hippies and other subcultures, began to use LSD for recreational and artistic purposes. In this sense, manifestations are born in all areas of art, whether in literature, music, plastic, visual and performing arts defined as psychedelic art.
Psychedelic art is considered one of the first movements that defined the twentieth century the moment contemporary art as such was born, giving the entrance to the avant-garde of postmodernism.
Thus, the artificial synthesis of LSD has been one of several advances in chemistry since 1805, when the pharmacist Friedrich W.A. Sertuner (1783-1841) isolates the alkaloid from papaver somniferum synthesizing morphine.