Meaning of Marxism

What is Marxism:

Marxism is known as the set of ideas, concepts, theses, theories and proposals of a philosophical, ideological, political and economic nature, as well as a certain conception of the world, social and political life, which is derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and that it has a doctrinaire character.

Thus, then, Marxism is a current of thought, a theoretical-explanatory model of human reality that has served as the ideological basis of what is known as historical and dialectical materialism, of communism and of the different types of socialisms.

It is characterized fundamentally by its critical rejection of capitalism and its economic system, the thesis of the class struggle and the proposal to build an egalitarian, classless, that is, communist society.

The objective of Marxism is that it is the workers themselves who, through the State, manage the means of production, which will make a classless society possible, which would prevent a minority from accumulating the means of production to exploit the majority.

As such, Marxism has been a highly influential current of thought in social movements, economic and political systems throughout the 20th century, although its fundamental lines were drawn by Marx and Engels in the mid-19th century and publicly expressed in the Communist manifesto.

Political movements founded on a more or less strict interpretation of Marxism are also considered Marxist. The Russian Revolution and the establishment of the USSR is inspired by Marxist ideals, as well as the Chinese or Cuban revolutions.

See also:

  • Karl Marx
  • Marxist theory
  • Historical materialism
  • Communism
  • Socialism

Marxism in economics

In economics, Marxism finds its expression in the Marxist school of economics, which is inspired by some of the fundamental concepts developed by Karl Marx in his work Capital.

According to Marxist economics, for example, the value of a thing is determined by the amount of labor necessary for its production (the labor theory of value), therefore, the difference between the value of what the worker produces and its Wage is a form of unpaid work known as surplus value, with which the capitalist remains in a scheme of exploitation that confronts the owners of the means of production (the bourgeoisie) and the workers (proletariat) in the struggle of lessons.

See also:

  • Bourgeoisie
  • Proletariat
  • Class struggle


An ideological trend is known as Marxism-Leninism that consists of the adaptation of the theses of Karl Marx by the revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin. He was part of the ideological bases of the USSR and the communist bloc.

The term dates from the 20s of the twentieth century, when, after Lenin's death, Stalin thus designates the ideology established in the Soviet Union, which, according to this interpretation, places Lenin as a kind of continuation of Marxism with his contributions ideological.

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