Meaning of Meteorology
What is Meteorology:
Meteorology is the science that is responsible for studying the properties and phenomena of the atmosphere in the short term, in a specific place and time, to predict the weather and develop an atmospheric forecast of no more than 24 or 48 hours.
Through the observations of atmospheric phenomena, meteorology tries to describe the climatic conditions and their evolution in a given place and time, that is, the atmospheric weather of an area or territory.
Meteorology is a word that originates from the Greek meteoron, and means "high in the sky", and logos, which refers to "knowledge."
See also the meaning of Atmosphere.
Climatology is a branch of Geography that studies the climatic phenomena that occurred in the past, what happens in the present and what may happen in the future. That is, it studies long-term climate forecasts, unlike meteorology that studies atmospheric phenomena that can happen in a few hours.
Climatology is considered of great importance because it is a science capable of making forecasts about what the climate will be like in the future and, based on that information, evaluating how to carry out economic, agricultural, livestock, and daily life activities. people or productivity in general, as the weather permits.
See also the meaning of Weather.
Weather refers to the meteorological phenomena that occur in the atmosphere in a specific time and space. To determine the weather it is necessary to measure the temperature, the wind, the humidity and the amount of rain.
The atmospheric forecasts, generated in the meteorological stations, are of great importance for the development of human activities, for this reason, what happens in time is constantly reported through the different media, social networks and web pages. atmospheric, so that activities can be planned according to weather conditions.
Meteorologists use various observation and measurement tools to be able to carry out meteorological predictions considering important factors such as temperature, humidity, pressure, visibility, among other data.
Meteorological stations are located in different parts of the planet and have various instruments to measure the variables that affect the climate and to be able to predict the weather, among them: thermometer (measures temperatures), barometer (measures atmospheric pressure), rain gauge (measures the amount of water that falls during the rain), anemometer (measures wind speed), weather vane (indicates wind direction), hygrometer (measures humidity).
Balloons and meteorological radars are also located in various parts of the Earth in order to be able to observe, evaluate and design meteorological maps that explain the atmospheric conditions to follow.
Meteorological satellites are other tools that allow a more precise observation, but from space, of what happens throughout the Earth in terms of weather and climate.
The satellites generate images that are then received at the stations so that specialists and researchers can interpret and determine the meteorological changes that are occurring or will occur.
Satellite meteorology is precisely the use of these tools in order to observe and study what meteorological phenomena are like, what are the changes that happen on Earth, and even what is the state of the ozone layer or how it affects our planet. El Niño phenomenon.
They are meteorological tools that provide very precise data with which the population of a locality can even be warned to take preventive measures in their homes in case of hurricanes, dust storms, high levels of pollution, cloud cover, winds and rainfall, among others.
Thanks to the data provided by the meteorological use tools, it has even been possible to avoid major disasters.
It is very important to know how to interpret what happens with the atmospheric weather, and meteorological maps do it through graphic representations in which the weather predictions are reflected.
In these maps the indications of wind, rain, high temperatures, cloud cover, snowfall, cold or hot storms, hurricanes, among others, are represented with different colors and markings.
On the other hand, aeronautical meteorology specializes in making observations of the atmospheric weather, collecting data from airport radars and communicating the information obtained both to the pilots and to all those who work in the control bases and other related areas, to in order to prevent accidents or report flight or landing difficulties.