Inductive method meaning
What is inductive method:
The inductive method is a reasoning strategy that is based on induction, for this, it proceeds from particular premises to generate general conclusions.
In this sense, the inductive method operates by making broad generalizations based on specific observations. This is so because in inductive reasoning, the premises are those that provide the evidence that gives truthfulness to a conclusion.
The inductive method, as such, follows a series of steps. It begins by observing certain facts, which it records, analyzes and contrasts. It then classifies the information obtained, establishes patterns, makes generalizations, to infer, from all of the above, an explanation or theory.
The inductive method is the most widely used in the scientific field. It is, on the one hand, a relatively flexible method and, on the other, it lends itself to exploration. This method is used, above all, to formulate theories and hypotheses.
Inductive and deductive method
The inductive and deductive methods involve different ways of approaching the object of study. The inductive method, as already mentioned, tries to establish general conclusions from particular premises. Instead, the method starts from general questions to draw specific conclusions.
In addition, they differ from each other in that the inductive method is more typical of investigations focused on the creation of new theories, while the deductive method, for its part, is more useful to test said theories.