Meaning of Migration

What is Migration:

Migration designates the displacement of a group or population of human beings or animals, from one place to another. The word comes from Latin migratĭo, migratiōnis, which means "action and effect of migrating".

Migration can be of a permanent nature, when the individual definitively establishes his residence in the new place where he has settled, or temporary, when it is due to shorter stays.

In addition, it can be considered forced if the factors that determine it do not depend on the subject, or voluntary, when the person who freely makes the determination is the individual himself.

The causes that determine migrations are multiple and, in this sense, they have different motivations and characteristics.

There is talk of migration for political reasons when a political crisis has unleashed a situation of institutional instability that affects a State and its citizens in a pronounced way; As well as it can also be motivated that said country is going through a totalitarian regime, without freedom of expression, which persecutes dissidents, which encourages many citizens, politically involved or not, to decide to leave the country for fear that they will not be respect your rights.

One can also speak of migration for economic reasons when a significant part of the population is affected by an economic crisis, which means that many people prefer to migrate to countries that offer them better opportunities.

The cultural factor also plays an important role in the choice of migration destination, since generally cultures with similar characteristics and considerable historical ties tend to offer better possibilities for the individual to fully develop their productive potential within a society.

Likewise, other more complex situations, such as nuclear accidents or armed conflicts or wars, determine that a population feels the urgent need to migrate. This type of migration is forced.

On the other hand, natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, tornadoes, etc., favor the need for migration of a human population.

Finally, in Computer Science, migration is also often spoken of when we refer to the transfer of files or digital documents from their origin to another database, either for their preservation, dissemination, etc.

See also 7 key characteristics of globalization.

Types of human migration

Human migration is designated as the displacement of individuals or groups of people through a geographical space to settle in a place other than the one from which they originate, and which is motivated by social, political or economic reasons.


As emigration, the social phenomenon that constitutes the departure of people from their country, region or town of origin, to settle in another country, region or town that offers them greater prospects in terms of economic income, quality of life and development possibilities is known. on a personal and family level.

See also Emigration.


Immigration implies the arrival to a country, region or locality by an individual or a group of people from another country, region or locality, with the prospect of opting for a better quality of life, better opportunities, greater economic income and possibilities. development both on a personal and family level.

See also Immigration.

Internal migration

Internal migration is that which takes place within the borders of a country, that is, people move from one region or locality to another within the nation.

The most common type of internal migration is migration from the countryside to the city, which occurs when people living in isolated or very poor rural areas decide to move to urban centers in search of a better quality of life and greater employment opportunities.

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