Meaning of Disability

What is Disability:

As a handicap we can call the detriment or decrease in the value of a good or asset. It can also refer to a person's disability for the normal development of their activities and their full participation in social and productive life.

The word, as such, comes from Latin minus, which means 'less', and is formed with the word worth, which means 'value'. It would mean that of less worth.

Synonyms of handicap are detriment, decrease; disability, disability.

Physical, mental or sensory disability

The handicap or impairment can be a physical, mental or sensory disability that prevents a person from carrying out normal activities within the parameters considered normal.

The handicap can be congenital or acquired. It occurs as a consequence of an organic disorder, and it can considerably limit a person's functional abilities in their daily life.

For the WHO (World Health Organization), disability implies any loss, permanent or temporary, of a structure or function, which can be both psychological, physiological or anatomical.

In this sense, we can classify disabilities into three classes: physical, psychic or sensory:

  • Physical disabilities: amputations, malformations, paralysis, loss of mobility, chronic diseases; prevent you from leading a normal life or using certain technical aids.
  • Mental disabilities: mental illnesses or disorders, for example, Down syndrome.
  • Sensory disabilities: vision, hearing or speech problems.
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