Meaning of Monograph
What is Monograph:
Monograph is a written, methodical and complete work that deals with the special description of a certain science or particular subject.
The word monograph is of Greek origin, it is composed by the expression monkeys which means "unique" and graphein that expresses “written”, therefore, it is a unique writing.
The main function of the monograph is to inform about a specific matter that can be scientific or journalistic. It covers topics of philosophy and ethics, as well as any other topic that is of interest to the community.
The monographs are written under a norm that regulates the presentation of academic texts. Regarding this point, there are several standards being the APA Standards the most used internationally.
The APA Norms were elaborated by the American Psychological Association and indicate the necessary formalities and protocols for scientific works, for example, in relation to their: content, style, citation, references, presentation of tables and figures, margins, among others.
The monograph can take the form of theses, scientific reports, graduation papers, post-graduation, master's degrees, and formal research texts.
Characteristics of the monograph
The monograph is characterized by formally presenting a specific topic in writing with methodology, an orderly structure, clear objectives and information from reliable sources.
The monograph is carried out in the first place, selecting and delimiting the topic to be treated in order to define the objects of studies and qualitative or quantitative methodologies. Then, we proceed to investigate, analyze and collect information from different sources. With the collected data, a draft is prepared that will need attention in coherence, clarity, spelling and bibliographic citations to arrive at the final work.
Structure of the monograph
The parts of a monograph are as follows:
- Cover: must follow the general structure of the institution for which it is written.
- Dedication or thanks: it is optional and personal.
- General index: indicates the structure with the number of pages.
- Prologue: it must indicate the problem statement, the research methods and what is expected to be concluded from the study.
- Introduction: summarizes and presents the topics to be studied.
- Body of work: it must contain the development of the investigation through chapters and sections and reporting from the general to the particular. Each chapter must contain: facts, analysis, interpretation, methods used at work, graphics, illustrations, among others.
- Conclusions: what is observed with the information presented.
- Appendices or annexes: additional information such as tables, articles and questionnaires.
- Bibliography: the sources of information must be presented alphabetically.
In reference to the above, it is essential to present the information according to the chosen standard.
See also Problem statement.
Regarding the type of monograph, it can be grouped into 3 types:
Compilation monograph: it is characterized by the fact that once the topic has been chosen and analyzed, the student exposes their personal opinion on the existing information on a certain topic.
Research monograph: consists of studying a subject little examined or studied in order to contribute something new.
Monographs on the analysis of experiences: as its name implies, it is about analyzing experiences, comparing with others and drawing conclusions. Generally, these types of monographs are seen in careers such as medicine.