Meaning of Monotheism
What is Monotheism:
Monotheism is the belief that there is only one god. The word, as such, is made up of the prefix monkey-, which means 'unique'; the Greek word θεός (theós), which translates 'god'; and the suffix -ism, which indicates ‘doctrine’.
For monotheistic religious doctrines, God is the supreme and all-powerful being, creator of the universe, the beginning, the cause and the ultimate end of everything. In this sense, the world, as we know it, is inconceivable without God.
As a religion, monotheism is professed by the so-called Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. However, other Eastern religions, such as Sikhism or Zoroastrianism are also considered monotheistic.
Christianity calls itself monotheistic, since it believes only in one God, the supreme being, father and creator of the universe. In the Bible, Paul of Tarsus explains it like this: “But for us there is only one God, the Father, from whom all things belong, and we in Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we through Him ”(1 Corinthians, 8: 6). There are, however, those who question the nature of Christianity due to the concept of the Holy Trinity, made up of the three divine persons: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
Islam believes only in one God. In this sense, it is a religion in which all acts of worship (prayer, prayer, pilgrimage, etc.) are rigorously directed to God. Moreover, Muslims can only supplicate Allah, to the point that it is forbidden to ask intermediaries such as prophets or angels.
Judaism is the oldest of the current monotheistic religions. The Jews only admit the existence of a God, absolute sovereign of the Earth, almighty, creator of the universe, who chose, from among all peoples, the Hebrew people.
Monotheism and polytheism
Monotheism, as we have already said, only conceives the existence of a single God, almighty, creator of the universe. Polytheism, on the other hand, handles a conception of divinity according to which there are several gods, who are worshiped and worshiped. In this sense, monotheistic religions, such as Christianity, Judaism and Islam, do not admit polytheistic doctrines because they consider them, from their doctrine, as heretical.