Meaning of Motivation
What is Motivation:
Motivation is the action and effect of motivating. It is the motive or reason that causes the performance or omission of an action. It is a psychological component that guides, maintains and determines a person's behavior. It is formed with the Latin word motivus ("movement") and the suffix -tion ("action", "effect").
Types of motivation
Sometimes different types of motivation are established depending on the source or origin of the stimulus. In achievement motivation, in which the mechanism that promotes action is to achieve a certain objective. Membership motivation involves the search for security and belonging to a group. Competition motivation not only seeks to achieve a set objective, but also seeks to achieve it in the best possible way. In Psychology, two types of motivation are usually distinguished depending on where the stimulus comes from: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation.
In intrinsic motivation, the person begins or performs an activity due to internal incentives, for the pleasure of doing it. The satisfaction of doing something or getting it is not determined by external factors. It is therefore related to personal self-satisfaction and self-esteem. For example, there are people who do physical exercise because they enjoy being active.
In extrinsic motivation, the stimulus or incentive that moves a person to carry out an activity comes from outside, it is an external incentive and does not come from the task itself. It works as a reinforcement. For example, when a person performs physical exercise not for the mere fact of enjoying doing it, but for social or other reasons.
In Psychology, there are various theories that establish and classify the elements that move a person to do something or stop doing it. In many cases, a person's motivation is determined by needs, as established in the so-called "Maslow's pyramid". Likewise, motivation is strongly influenced by the satisfaction of carrying out a task or achieving a certain objective, but also by the incentives that carrying out or not carrying out a certain behavior may entail.