Meaning of Nationality

What is Nationality:

Nationality is the state to which a person who has been born in a certain nation or has been naturalized belongs. It is also the condition and peculiar character of the peoples and citizens of a nation. In Spain this term is also used to refer to some autonomous communities that have some characteristics of their own such as a language, culture and public government institutions.

Mexican nationality

Mexican nationality can be obtained by birth or by naturalization as established in Article 30 of the Constitution. In the first case, all persons born in Mexican territory, Mexican ships or planes are included. Being born abroad also includes in this category people with one or both parents are Mexican (either by birth or by naturalization). Foreigners who have a naturalization letter possess Mexican nationality by naturalization (by marriage to a Mexican person or by residing in Mexican territory following the requirements established by law).

Nationality and citizenship

These two concepts are related although they do not have the same meaning. Nationality is acquired by birth or naturalization, while citizenship is acquired when the age of majority is reached and the rights and obligations established in the constitution are obtained. It is understood that citizenship is a type of nationality, it can be defined as the legal quality that natural persons have and that allows them to participate in political affairs of the State (for example, having the right to vote).

Double nationality

It is the condition of being a citizen of two nations. You can have more nationalities (called in this case multiple nationalities). It is acquired through the application of the laws of each country, so the requirements established by each country must be met. In some cases it may be automatic by birth or by one of the two parents having that nationality, for example or by naturalization. Although dual nationality is recognized by International Law, some countries like Mexico do not recognize dual nationality in their legislation. In other countries, such as Saudi Arabia, this procedure is persecuted.

Chilean nationality

Chilean nationality is legislated in articles 10 and 18 of the Constitution. It can be obtained by birth and consanguinity. Nationality is also granted to people who have the nationalization letter or by special laws that establish it.

Nationality ius soli

It is a legal term that is used in its Latin form and that can be translated as "right of the ground" or "right of the place". This principle grants nationality to a person based on their place of birth. This concept is applied differently in each country and is not even recognized in some.

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