Meaning of Christmas

What is christmas:

Christmas is a religious holiday in which Christians commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. It is celebrated on December 25 of each year. In fact, the word Christmas, as such, comes from the Latin natives, nativātis which means 'birth'.

This term, however, is used not only to refer to the day on which the birth of Jesus is celebrated (Christmas Eve), but is also extended to designate the subsequent period, until the Day of Kings.

Today, Christmas is celebrated in many places and in very different ways. In general, one of the current characteristics of Christmas is the increase in consumption, especially of objects used as gifts and food.

From the Christian point of view, however, this is considered not to be the true meaning of Christmas. The meaning of Christmas, on the contrary, responds to the manifestation of certain human values ​​that are more or less forgotten throughout the year.

Values ​​such as solidarity, union, love, peace and hope are more typical of the Christmas season, and are represented in the religious beliefs of Christianity.

See also Christmas Eve.

Christmas origin

Christmas was established on December 25 as a solemn day by the Catholic Church in the year 350 thanks to Pope Julio.

In the Bible, however, the exact day of Jesus' birth is not mentioned. Hence, the celebration of Christmas in principle was not part of Christian traditions.

The reason for setting December 25 as the date of celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ responds to the need for the Church to replace the festival of Saturnalia (or Saturnalia), traditional in Ancient Rome, which coincided with the winter solstice and which was celebrated by the so-called pagans, and thus facilitate the acceptance of Christianity.

See also 5 pictures that show the true meaning of Christmas.

Symbols of Christmas

Christmas tree

The Christmas tree has a Christian meaning although its use has become widespread in people of different beliefs. The Christmas tree refers to the tree of Paradise, original sin and the figure of Jesus as the redeemer of sins, but the evergreen is also a symbol of eternal life.

The typical decorations of the Christmas tree are

  • The star, symbol of guidance, in reference to the star of Bethlehem;
  • The balls, originally apples, in reference to temptations;
  • Garlands and tinsel, symbol of unity and joy;
  • Lights, originally candles, symbolizing the light of Jesus that illuminates the world.

See also Christmas tree.

Santa Claus

Santa Claus is the name given in some countries to the character of Santa Claus, Santa, San Nicolás, among others. It is a character dressed in a red suit, belt and black boots, who is responsible for manufacturing and delivering the toys desired by children on the night of December 24 to 25.

See also Santa Claus.


The manger, also known as a nativity scene or nativity scene, is an important symbol of Christmas, as it represents the arrival of Jesus into the world.

Inside the manger, the essential figures are the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and the Child Jesus, together with the mule and the ox. Other figures in the manger are the three Wise Men (Melchior, Gaspar, Baltazar) and the shepherds.

See also Manger.

Christmas wreath

The Christmas wreath, also called the Advent wreath, is used to represent the four-week Advent period that precedes the arrival of Christmas. It is made with pine or fir branches. Four candles are placed in it, one for each week.

See also Christmas wreath.

Christmas in the Bible

Information about the birth of Jesus is found in the Gospels of Luke and Matthew. One of the most distinguished texts on Christmas is found in the book Luke:

“And it happened in those days that an edict of Augustus Caesar came out, so that a census of the entire inhabited world would be made. This was the first census that was taken, when Quirinius was governor of Syria. And they were all on their way to register in the census, each to their city. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he is of the house and family of David, to register together with Mary, betrothed to him, the which one was pregnant. And it happened that while they were there, the days of her giving birth were fulfilled. And she gave birth to her firstborn son; She wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

"In the same region there were shepherds who were in the field, tending their flocks during the night watches. And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were greatly afraid. But the angel said to them: 'Do not be afraid, because behold, I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people; because today, in the city of David, a Savior has been born to you, who is Christ the Lord. And this will serve as a sign: you will find a child wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger. '

"Suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly armies, praising God and saying: 'Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men in whom He is well pleased'" (Luke, 2: 1 -14).

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