Neolithic meaning

What is Neolithic:

As Neolithic it is called the last of the periods that make up, together with the Paleolithic and Mesolithic, the Stone Age.

For more information, see the Paleolithic article.

The Neolithic word is composed of the Greek roots νέος (néos) which means ‘new’, and λιθικός (lithikós), which is derived from λίθος (lythos) and translates ‘stone’. The oldest record of the term dates from 1865, when John Lubbock used it in his work Prehistoric times.

As such, the Neolithic is the period of prehistory that is located, in the time line, after the Mesolithic, preceding the Metal Age. Chronologically, it is approximately between the year 7,000 a. of C. and 2,000 a. The Neolithic, in this sense, constitutes the highest stage of the Stone Age.

The Neolithic is considered the period in which there was a revolution in the ways of life, customs and abilities of the human being. On a technical level, for example, Neolithic man developed the ability to produce polished and more stylized stone instruments.

For their part, in the social and economic organization, human groups experienced a radical change in their habits. The first population settlements appeared and agriculture and livestock began to develop, which implied that humans stopped depending only on hunting, fishing and gathering. Ultimately, the transition between nomadic to semi-nomadic and sedentary was made.

It can also be used as an adjective, in masculine or feminine, to refer to what belongs to or relative to this period. In this case, it must be written in lowercase. For example: Neolithic man, Neolithic tool. When used as a noun, it must be capitalized: Neolithic.

Neolithic art

Neolithic art is called that developed by prehistoric man in the period that includes the last stage of the Stone Age, that is, between the year 7,000 BC. of C. and 2,000 a. of C. It includes the painting, the ceramics, the sculpture and the megalithic monuments. It coincides in identifying in this period a turn towards abstraction, that is, the creation of symbols and schematic figures, instead of naturalistic representations, attached to more realistic forms.

From the Neolithic, some reference megalithic monuments are preserved, such as the menhirs, occasionally anthropomorphic monoliths; the dolmens, graves made up of several superimposed stones, and the chromlechs, monoliths arranged in a circular way, like that of Stonehenge, for the worship of the Sun.

Tags:  Religion-And-Spirituality General Expressions-In-English